Music composed by G. F. Handel. Libretto by Charles
Jennens, based on 1 Samuel.
First Performance: 16 January 1739, King’s/Queen’s Theatre in the Haymarket, London
|Merab, Saul’s daughter||Soprano|
|Michal, Saul’s daughter||Soprano|
|Jonathan, Saul’s son||Tenor|
|Witch of Endor||Tenor|
|Abner, Captain of Saul’s army||Tenor|
Setting: Ancient Israel
David returns victorious from his combat with Goliath. He is welcomed by Saul, king of Israel, accompanied by his son Jonathan, his two daughters Michal and Merab, and Abner, his commander-in-chief. Saul asks David to remain with him and to marry Merab. But she scorns the low-born hero, whereas Michal is in love with him. Jonathan offers David his friendship. The people sing David’s praises, placing him above Saul, who is fired with jealousy and fears for his crown. He commands Jonathan to kill his friend, but in vain: Jonathan reminds his father of David’s acts of bravery in freeing his people from Goliath. Saul swears he will not harm David, and offers him Michal’s hand — before sending him off to battle in the hope that he will be slain by the Philistines.
When David comes back, having triumphed once more, Saul tries to kill him with his javelin. David trusts in the Lord’s protection, but flees in the face of Michal’s entreaties. Merab acknowledges her brother-in-law’s qualities and expresses her fears for his life.
Saul seeks to murder David, and reproaches Jonathan for taking his side. He goes to consult a witch, who calls up the ghost of Samuel. The latter prophesies that Israel will be defeated by the Philistines, and Saul and his sons killed.
An Amalekite tells David of the dreadful rout, and the death of Saul and Jonathan. David and Israel mourn their loss, then the people extol David, whom they choose to lead them.
Click here for the complete libretto.
image_description=Detail from Saul and David by Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn (1655-1660)
first_audio_name=G. F. Handel: Saul
WinAMP or VLC
product_title=G. F. Handel: Saul
product_by=Saul: Franz-Josef Selig
Michal: Camilla Tilling
David: Andreas Scholl
Merab: Dina Kuznetsova
Jonathan: Jeremy Ovenden
Samuel, Doeg: Philip Ens
High Priest, Amalekite: Norman Schankle
Witch: Guy De Mey
Concerto Kˆln, Collegium Vocale, RenÈ Jacobs (cond.)
Live broadcast, 27 February 2001, Paleis voor Schone Kunsten, Brussels