Il Mondo della Luna (The World on the Moon)

Haydn is
often considered the father of the symphony, the string quartet and the piano
sonata, but he is seldom mentioned in an operatic context. That’s not
because he wasn’t any good at it — he was often very good.
But he was seldom consistently good at opera, and he never found — or
sought, maybe — the sort of mature libretto that would display his
talents as Lorenzo da Ponte displayed those of Mozart, Salieri and Martin y
Soler. Haydn’s operas seem a series of amiable misfires with charming
moments — but I’ve only attended seven of them, and none were his
grand operas, Armida and Orlando Paladino, which may play

As the operatic world scours forgotten and therefore fresh scores, Haydn, a
familiar name, is bound to seem appealing even without Maria Theresa’s
imprimatur (“Whenever I want to hear good opera, I go to
Esterh‡za,” she said, probably as much to goad the management of her
court theater back in Vienna as to compliment her host). Haydn’s style is
familiar to us, all modern opera singers being trained to perform Mozart, and
the forces required are seldom large.

Carlo_Goldoni.gifCarlo Goldoni, librettist

Il Mondo della Luna, using a popular libretto by Goldoni that was
set by everyone from Galuppi to Paisiello, is a typical buffo tale of a rich
old fool, Buonafede (“good faith”), opposed to the marriage of his
two daughters and their maid to the three impecunious men they love, with the
sly twist that the old coot has a hobby: astronomy. One of the boyfriends,
Ecclitico (“ecliptic”), is a charlatan astrologer who pretends to
transport the old boy to the moon. Buonafede, presented to the lunar emperor,
is dazzled by Lunatic mores and court etiquette (Maria Theresa probably loved
this part), but he regrets his womenfolk are missing the fun. Quicker than you
can say, “May the farce be with you,” they arrive! — beamed
by transporter, one presumes. The emperor marries the venal maid, Lisetta, and
his chamberlain and master of ceremonies wed the two daughters. Wedding hymns
are sung in the Lunatic tongue. Buonafede is puzzled that the girls already
speak it so well, and though furious when he learns he has been bamboozled,
accepts the fait accompli. In the full libretto, he reflects philosophically
that you really need to travel to get the right perspective on life back home
— but the moral was one of Gotham Chamber Opera’s omissions.

Gotham has created one of the more dazzling entertainments of the New York
season by presenting this nonsense in the Hayden Planetarium at the Museum of
Natural History, replete with instrument panels, space suits (the elegant and
witty costumes are by Anka Lupes), globular space helmets, acrobatic
“moon nymphs” and above it all, on the 180-degree dome, shooting
stars, exploding galaxies, shots of earth and the moon, and the wildest light
show since psychedelia fell from fashion. Viewers of a certain age (mine) may
recall The Saint in its heyday, but the music was better at the planetarium and
the show a lot shorter. The whole run has sold out, and it’s hard to
imagine anyone attending who would not gladly go again.

The one exception I would take is, in fact, to the evening’s brevity.
Over-anxious not to bore, music director Neal Goren and director Diane Paulus
may have left too much out. Over half the opera was omitted — on the
grounds, Goren says, that the cuts were less than top-drawer Haydn. That may be
true, and no one wants more secco recitative “dialogue” than we
absolutely need, but confining most of the singers to one aria apiece means the
characters are one-dimensional, silhouettes of slight interest or humanity. You
cannot tell the sisters apart, for one thing — from the synopsis in the
program, I’m not sure which one marries which lover — and you do
not know or care if their feelings are sincere. In a farce, someone ought to
want something sincerely or the crazy shenanigans aren’t as funny;
there’s no contrast. You need Kitty Carlisle as a backdrop for the Marx

In Il Mondo della Luna, Gotham goes for constant entertainment
rather than letting the drama merely rest, at any point, upon the skills of the
singers, the beauty of the often wonderful music. This is a current trend, and
those of us who like singing may find that, fun as it is, it can go
too far in an MTV direction. On the plus side, it sure was fun.

It would be difficult to single out any performer among the seven flawless
players of this ensemble cast. Marco NisticÚ seemed to be enjoying himself as
the bubbling blowhard Buonafede, and he had the most to do, swinging hips as he
ornamented his arias. Nicholas Coppolo gets special notice for being so slimy a
phony as Ecclitico and then leaping seamlessly into the role of ardent lover to
sing a rapturous duet with his Clarice (Hanan Alattar — or was it
Flaminia, Albina Shagimuratova? Well, each one had an aria, and both were
excellent). Rachel Calloway, as pert Lisetta, demonstrated the swagger of a
chambermaid is exactly the right style for an empress. Timothy Kuhn sang an
alluring love song to himself — director Paulus’s idea, not
Haydn’s, but charming in context, and Matthew Tuell triumphed as the
spunky valet who ascends to the lunatic throne. This was far and away the best
all-around cast I have encountered in a Gotham production, each of them worthy
at the very least of another aria or one of the omitted da capos. They were
also all Lucy-ready farceurs — though a very little “disco”
dancing in eighteenth-century costume goes a long way, and after an hour of it
one wondered if director Paulus had run out of ideas or was simply bored by the
characters. The Gotham orchestra played music that was always pleasant and
sometimes heavenly.

Impossible to discuss the event and not mention Philip Bussmann, credited
with Video and Production Design, who made a charming evening a spectacular
one. And the Gotham team for dreaming this up, and the Museum of Natural
History for recognizing a major opportunity when it came their way.

John Yohalem

image_description=Nicholas Coppolo and Hanan Alattar [Photo by Richard Termine courtesy of Gotham Chamber Opera]
product_title=Franz Joseph Haydn: Il Mondo della Luna (The World on the Moon)
product_by=Clarice: Hanan Alattar; Flaminia: Albina Shagimuratova; Lisetta: Rachel Calloway; Ecclitico: Nicholas Coppolo; Cecco: Matthew Tuell; Ernesto: Timothy Kuhn; Buonafede: Marco NisticÚ. Gotham Chamber Opera at the Rose Center Planetarium, American Museum of Natural History, conducted by Neal Goren. Performance of January 20.
product_id=Above: Nicholas Coppolo and Hanan Alattar [Photo by Richard Termine courtesy of Gotham Chamber Opera]