Havergal Brian’s “Gothic” Symphony

Havergal Brian (1876-1972) is a cult figure in British music who attracts an
intense following, even though his music is rarely performed and existing
recordings are of not of the highest standards. He’s better known by
reputation than by listening experience. Indeed, it’s this very air of
exclusivity that’s part of his appeal. BBC Prom 4 was a historic watershed in
Brian reception, because it gave Brian maximum possible publicity, and the best
performance to date.

This was a truly spectacular, extravagant event. Brian’s “Gothic”
Symphony is apparently in the Guinness Book of Records for being the biggest
symphony ever written, and only the BBC Proms can provide the resources to do
it justice. Thus, this Prom was a once-in-a-lifetime experience, a historic
occasion that wasn’t to be missed. It was a form of total theatre that will
be remembered for decades.

One third of the massive Royal Albert Hall was reserved to accommodate the
sheer number of performers, almost a thousand in all. Nine choruses, no less,
visually impressive, especially the women’s choir in lavender, and the
children’s choirs in white. Two main orchestras, the BBC National Orchestra
of Wales and the BBC Concert Orchestra. Two “timpani orchestras”, as
opposed to “symphony orchestras”, positioned at the sides of the
auditorium, between the choristers and audience. Those sitting near them may be
deaf for days. And, like a Colossus above them all, the mighty Royal Albert
Hall Willis organ, with its 9,997 pipes and 149 stops, the largest in Europe.

Martyn Brabbins conducted the gargantuan forces with aplomb. He’s braved
the dense jungle of this score like a fearless explorer mapping unknown
territory. He’s clearly prepared the work thoroughly, searching out the main
features in this bewildering terrain. Brian’s “Gothic” is a strange
Leviathan which has defeated the best efforts of many, so Brabbins deserves a
medal for persistence and dedication.

Brabbins focuses on the many details which build up to form the dense
undergrowth. A flurry of harps, for example, and a bizarre chorus of
xylophones, springing out unexpectedly, like exotic birds startled into flight.
The whole symphony seems to be built from details like this, an accumulation
whose object is to amass as many pieces as possible — not a jigsaw, for the
ideas don’t really cohere. So Brabbins’s carefully thought out detail
brings out the endless proliferation that gives this symphony its charm.

Brian was a self-taught, almost eccentric character who wasn’t
particularly bothered by the practicalities of performance. There are many
ideas in this symphony, but they are briefly glimpsed and don’t develop. On
paper, they may look good, but they don’t necessarily make much sense in
practical performance. For example, the timpani orchestras, backed by very loud
brass. At first they call out to each other across the expanse of the
auditorium. Then one falls more or less silent thereafter.

Brian’s Gothic has been compared to Mahler’s Eighth Symphony,
on the basis that the latter was marketed as the “symphony of a thousand”,
but the comparison is nonsense. The label was a PR ruse. Mahler’s focus was
on spiritual meaning. Although Mahler’s structure is unorthodox, there’s a
powerful trajectory that pulls it forward. The inspiration behind Brian’s
symphony isn’t consistent. Liturgical texts are used, but the thrust isn’t
particularly spiritual. Brian is certainly ambitious, quoting Goethe’s
Faust on his title page, (“Whoever strives with all his might, that
man we can redeem”), but the energy dissipates.


For example, in the final movement, the ‘Te ergo quaesumus’, Alastair
Miles intones lines that waver upwards and down, perhaps in homage to Orthodox
chant, but the orchestra then plays a parody of jazz swing. Sometimes contrasts
have reason, but in this symphony they seem to exist for variety’s sake. When
Susan Gritton sings ‘Judex crederis esse venturus’ from way up in the
rafters, it’s a truly sublime moment — magnificent singing, magnificently
theatrical. But the rest of the movement consists of that 4-word sentence
alone, and it’s quickly dispensed with in favour of meaningless extended
vocalise. In all three major Proms concerts so far (Jan·?ek’s
Glagolitic Mass and Rossini’s William Tell) the tenor parts
have been fiendishly difficult. Peter Auty deserves recognition for valour,
since he surmounted Brian’s extreme demands for his part. Christine Rice sang
part well, but Brian leaves the part curiously underwritten.

This performance of Brian’s “Gothic” symphony was hugely enjoyable
because it worked remarkably well as theatre. Brian himself may not have
anticipated the concept of sonic architecture quite in the way that others —
including Stockhausen, whom Brabbins also conducts well — but the BBC Proms
and the Royal Albert Hall can work wonders. Brabbins and his multitude deserve
a great deal of credit, but so too, do the organizers who made this possible in
the first place — a thousand performers and a huge array of instruments.
Moving this army must have been a logistic nightmare. Many of these choirs are
major names on the choral scene, and were brought in from all over the country.

Hopefully, Brabbins’s Proms performance of Brian’s “Gothic” will be
recorded, if only to recoup the enormous costs. It’s a superlative way into
the symphony particularly as so little of this music is available. Fortunately,
the Havergal Brian Society website
is so comprehensive that now everyone can become familiar with his work even if
they haven’t heard it.

Every single concert in the BBC Proms 2011 series is broadcast live online
and on demand for several days, complete with facsimile programmed notes. For
more details, please visit the BBC Proms

Anne Ozorio

image_description=Photo by Chris Christodoulou.courtesy of the BBC
product_title=Havergal Brian: Symphony no. 1 The “Gothic”.
product_by=Soprano: Susan Gritton, Mezzo-soprano: Christine Rice, Tenor: Peter Auty, Bass: Alastair Miles, Organist: David Goode. Children’s Choruses: Eltham College Boys’ Choir, Alastair Tighe chorus master, CBSO Youth Chorus, Julian Watkins chorus master, Southend Boy’s and Girls’ Choirs, Roger Humphrey, chorus master. Chorus 1: Brighton Festival Chorus, Huddersfiled Choral Society, London Symphony Chorus, Joseph Cullen, chorus master. Chorus 2: BBC National Chorus of Wales, The Bach Choir, CÙr Caerdydd, Adrian Partington, chorus master. BBC National Orchestra of Wales, BBC Concert Orchestra, Martyn Brabbins, conductor. Prom 4, BBC Proms. Royal Albert Hall, London, 17th July 2011.
product_id=All photos by Chris Christodoulou.courtesy of the BBC